Hugh Hefner and the feminist “sex wars”


Hugh Hefner passed away on September 27, 2017. My father, Robert, was born in 1926, the same year as Hugh Hefner. Dad always mentions his famous contemporaries born in the same year, and we kept track of those he continues to outlive: Marilyn Monroe, Castro, and now, Hugh Hefner. The other icon who was born in the same year is the Queen of England. So I have been thinking for months that I should draft a blog post on Hugh Hefner, as his passing was becoming more and more likely to be sooner rather than later. So I just published my latest Sociology in Focus blog post called Hugh Hefner and the feminist ‘sex wars.‘ It covers the cultural impacts that Hefner has had in the media and how feminist writers have responded to Playboy Magazine and the growth of pornography in general. Feminist writers of the 1970s were divided into simplistic camps of “pro-sex” and “anti-sex” feminists. This brief blog post just overviews the main idea, written for a general student audience. Please check out the blog post here.


Seattle Hemp Fest & Tattoo Expo

weedSpent the weekend in Seattle with my friend Charissa attending the 26th Annual Hemp Fest and Seattle Tattoo Expo. Saw some of the participants from my documentary Covered at the tattoo expo, including: Telisa Swan, Vyvyn Lazonga and Suzy Todd. I’m at the beginning of the process of collecting interviews on my women and weed research project, which will hopefully one day soon be a book like Covered in Ink. If you are interested, email me @ See pictures from events here.

Margaret Kwei-On Yuen

Margaret Kwei-On Yuen

(December 21, 1946–June 17, 2017)

My dear mother, Margaret, was born on December 21, 1946, in Hong Kong, to Yuen Chee Yeung (father, born in Kwang Tung, China on 1/16/1913) and Fung Pik Bun (mother, born 8/15/1913) at hospital address 45, Leighton Hill Road, 2nd floor. She had a total of seven


Mom (center) with her siblings in Hong Kong

other siblings, two of which died in infancy. Her siblings include: Lun (b. 9/10/1942), Shi (9/16/1944), Shiu Pau (8/25/1949), Siu Lung/Michael (1/25/1956), and Kwai Po/Magdalene (8/12/1952). She spent the first nineteen years of her life in Hong Kong, on Causeway Bay, Tung Kwok Road, Hong Kong. She attended the Catholic boarding school Sacred Heart Canossian College at 36 Caine Road, Hong Kong, during her early years, including years 1957, ‘58, ‘59, for which I found these report cards. Her first language was Cantonese Chinese, but this was an


Mom as a child

English-speaking school, giving her some English foundation before she moved to the UK. Mom liked being in the boarding school more than home at times, because her mother could often be mean to her, which she has struggled to understand for the rest of her life. Her father was well-off, and he owned a vacation farm and had a staff of people working at the house, including her caretaker. My mother adored her father, gung-gung (grandfather) to me, and this may be the only vacation where she was alone with her parents, one of her treasured moments.


Mom’s parents

At nineteen, she traveled to the UK, where her father was to pay for her to attend a very small boarding school in Wales, during or after which time she learned English by living with a family. Her father offered many of her siblings the same opportunity to study 60s.jpgabroad. In the summer of 1967, she took an Advance level Classical Chinese course or examination at the University of London, for which she earned the grade of C. In April 1969, she was awarded a Certificate of Completion in the study of IBM System/360 Computer Programming, from the Commercial Programming Unlimited, Inc. Institute of Data Processing. In November 1969, she earned a Certificate of proficiency in Computer Programming from B. I. E. T. Computer Training (15-16 New Burlington Street, London, W.1., 24-32 Kilburn High Road, London, N.W.6.). Angered that Hong Kong citizens were British subjects but not entitled to a British Passport, mom fought a mini-battle and was granted a British Passport on January 14, 1971 as a “British Subject: Citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies.”

After a while, she felt that her father couldn’t afford it, and she began working service industry jobs, unauthorized on a student visa, in London and other parts of the UK, including as a waitress in an Indian restaurant, as a nanny, and working as nursing aid.


Mom during her stay in NYC with her aunt

Years later, she migrated to New York City, where she had an aunt Fung Big Quan (Agnes) and cousin Teresa Tong. Instead of having her HK degree recognized and transferred to the US, she earned a High School Equivalency Diploma from the University of the State of New York Education Department in 1973. On August 22, 1969, she earned a certificate in Practical Infant and Geriatric Care from the Metropolitan School of Infant and Geriatric Care, Licensed by the New York State of Education Department. She spent years in New York, where she worked service jobs, including at the grocery store Gristedes and attended various schools. From September 22, 1971-May 18, 1973 she attended the Collegiate Institute at 501 Madison Avenue, NY, NY 10022. It was in New York City where she met her lifelong friend and partner Rita Iu, also from Hong Kong.

They decided to attend college together across the country, in the tiny town of Cheney,

mom dad rita

Dad, mom and Rita in early 1970s

Washington, at Eastern Washington State College from September 1973-June 13, 1975, because Rita’s brother Simon was a student at this school. It was here that mom soon met my father, Robert Glenn Thompson (b. 1926, Primrose, Nebraska), who was her professor in a business math course. She graduated with a degree in Business Administration with high honors on Friday, June 13, 1975. On September 17, 1975, my parents were married by R. Franklin Thompson in his home in Tacoma, Washington. My father had been named after this uncle. Robert Franklin Thompson (pictured here with JFK!) was the former president of University of Puget Sound from 1942-1973, where he has a hall named after him.

After my parents married, they moved from my father’s apartment, to a larger one on Garland Avenue, where they were joined with my mother’s sister Magdalene and their brother Michael (pictured in wedding photo). Because of the building’s no children policy, they bought a house at 423


Mom and dad’s wedding in Tacoma

W. York street and moved in August 1977, three months after I was born. It was a nice corner lot house, in an idyllic working class neighborhood, where I road my bike all over the neighborhood, played wall ball, and was a key-latch kid. I attended near-by Garfield Elementary where I would walk alone each day, avoiding the crossing guards. Mom went back to work when I was three months old and I stayed with the babysitter Mrs. Peatrice, whom I called Grandma Peaches. Mom worked in a variety of offices where she sold insurance, real estate, was an accountant at public radio station KPBX, where she met her other lifelong friend, Esther. She met her longtime friend Judy Shapiro at American Sign and Indicator (1976-1977) and introduced Judy to her soon-to-be husband, Howard, an accounting professor at EWU. Judy and Howard were a big part of my early life, and introduced me to cultural events, such as theatre, art museums, and cafes, which my parents weren’t interested in. Mom also worked at a company called Capp Homes, which made housing parts; as well as Waddell & Reed in financial advising. She worked at Metropolitan Mortgage & Security on Sprague Avenue January-September


She loved being a mom

1978, shortly after I was born in June 1977. Mom was always working in an office, but she also faced a great deal of discrimination based on gender and race, or was otherwise treated poorly, so that she often changed employers. In one story, after speaking with a potential employer on the phone, he invited her in for a face-to-face interview. Upon seeing her face, he asked, “can you speak English enough to conduct business?” Never mind that he didn’t question her English on the telephone. She also owned four houses, two of which were duplexes that she rented out to tenants, on the streets: Standard, baby-bev-dad2.jpgPrinceton, Dalke, and Queen. These rentals were constantly trashed and she and my father were always going to clean up the messes. I wish I had joined them. Mom was naturalized as a US citizen on June 20, 1980, when I was three years old. My childhood was idyllic and normal, too normal for me, which I was anxious to escape. In my teen years, I would study abroad in Mexico and homeschool instead of attend high school, earning a high school equivalency on my sixteenth birthday, after which I started college at Cornish College of the Arts.

Mom had always been obsessed with the stock market and getting rich, for which she mark oattended many seminars and bought many books and cassettes on “how to get rich quick,” which she studied intently, often making me feel ignored by her single-mindedness focus. The stock market was something that she paid attention to quite a bit, and in her later decades she was obsessed with learning the secrets to stock option trading, to which her book collection would attest. In 1988, she attended Mark O. Haroldsen, Inc.’s “Millionaire Training Retreat” in Salt Lake City (pictured). In 1993, she attended Money Concept’s summer congress for a certificate as an Accredited Financial Planner, in Vail, Colorado. She attended many others.


Childhood home

My parents’ divorce was finalized on February 18, 1993, after eighteen years of marriage. Dad remained in the house and I stayed with him on and off, while I attended Spokane Falls Community College for an AA degree in 1995, and then EWU when I was 18-19, earning my BA in Government in 1997. I briefly attended University of Washington in Seattle and quickly dropped out. I left for San Diego State University to pursue my MA in Women’s Studies, which I earned in 1999. I then moved to New York City in 2000. He eventually sold the house in 2002.

Mom reunited with her friend Rita Iu, who was now living in San Jose, California. They ritalived there from around 1992-1996. Mom worked at Progressive Car insurance on Steven’s Creek Road for two years. They then sold Rita’s condo and bought a house in Reno on Cheshire Court, where they lived for about four years, from 1996-2000. They both worked together at the AT&T Wireless Call Center for nearly two years. They moved to Las Vegas, where they rented an apartment for a year as their custom home was being built on Starlight Evening Street in rita3.jpg2003. They worked for First Source Insurance, and other companies, including their own they called Margarita Team, in the mortgage industry while Las Vegas was experiencing its momentous growth in the housing market, for quite a few years. They bought a second house on Elberton Avenue right before the market tanked, and they were stuck holding mortgages on both houses. Rita’s brother bought one of the houses, and the other was lost to the banks. Once they lost their house, Rita moved in with her sister Georgiana, who had purchased the house next door, and mom moved in with her co-worker Dave and his wife in their McMansion, with whom she lived for several years as she began to put her life back together financially.

On March 1, 2013 mom moved into the Santa Barbara Palms retirement apartments by herself, and this was the first place where she had ever lived alone in her lifetime. Mom and I had becoming closer and closer in our relationship and began traveling together. She would stay with me for extended periods of time when I lived in north Texas and Albany. We shared interests, like nutrition, whole foods, and social justice. We made cooking videos together:

And she talked about her cancer and her desire to cure herself with whole foods in another video:

She was also quite religious during this latter part of her lifetime, first as a Catholic, and then as an exploring Christian, never quite able to find a church that she could call homelesshome, welcoming her. She loved working with homeless populations and would volunteer to do those related activities at churches. She was compassionate, sensitive, caring, giving, self-less and loving. She was often disappointed by the lack of such emotions in those she would encounter in churches. She was also quite religious during this latter part of her lifetime, first as a Catholic, and then as an exploring Christian, never quite able to find a church that she could call home, welcoming her. She loved working with homeless populations and would volunteer to do those related activities at churches. She was compassionate, sensitive, caring, giving, self-less and loving. She was often disappointed by the lack of such emotions in those she would encounter in churches.

5E9A5568In September 2013, she was diagnosed with Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, not long after moving into the building, where she was quite social, and spent time with many of her neighbors, and attended social events offered by the community. I visited mom as often as I could from my teaching job in Albany, New York. I went with her for her first chemo treatments, and several more of the twelve total treatments she endured. She hated it. She lost her hair, felt weak, couldn’t eat, and wanted to die. Her weight went lower and lower, to 75, 70, even 67 pounds on her 4’10 frame. Even after the horrors of chemo, which subsequent doctors admit were probably too many treatments, she endured radiation for 25 treatments over five weeks, by a doctor that was pushy and unethical. He offered to drive her himself and said, “It’s only a half hour of your day.” We should have sued him; but mom didn’t want the stress. She hated this and again was miserable. After enduring the 25 treatments, the doctor wanted her to continue endlessly, until he had taken all of her money and her life. She quit and swore off poison treatments. Doctors would berate her, yell at her, slam the door in her face, and scream, “if you do not obey me, you will die right away!” None of them respected her right to make her own choice as how to live her life.

During her cancer treatment and afterwards, mom was very involved with attending classes in crafts and exercise at The Caring Place, an organization dedicated to providing free activities and support to people suffering from cancer. If you are interested in donating to a cause mom believed in, this would be the place. The local news did a story about their craft classes, and mom was shy, but excited to be included in the video:

Screen Shot 2017-07-08 at 1.52.48 PM

One of her last goals was to see the Holy Land Experience park in Orlando for her 70th birthday, and I was lucky enough to take her on this trip. On her birthday, she was sick, and could barely get out of bed, but she forced herself to go.

holy land

On one of our last trips, we drove from Las Vegas, through California, Oregon, to Washington, where my parents saw each other in December 2015 for the last time:


We were looking forward to our next big trip together, to Costa Rica in July 2017, for which she renewed her passport and held onto the dream.

In May 2017, I just began my eight months of world travel, combining my summer vacation and my fall semester sabbatical. I would travel South America, take Spanish classes, write, conduct research, and be a tourist. I first headed to Lima, Peru for two


Lima, Peru

weeks. Then to Buenos Aires for a few days, before my month-long stay in Montevideo, Uruguay, where I would take a month-long Spanish course. However, it was after one day in Buenos Aires, the night before Mother’s Day, when mom was admitted to the Mountain View Hospital in Las Vegas, after having a very painful sensation in her abdomen. They wanted to do emergency surgery. I didn’t receive the messages until a full eight hours after they were sent, when I woke in the morning, to my horror. I jumped out of bed and began calling, the doctor, Rita, mom, and dad. Surly any surgery would kill my weaken mom of 67 pounds, and why put her through such a degrading process, from which recovery would be nearly impossible? Luckily, the next surgeon on duty said to wait and watch, and the surgery was avoided. I jumped on a plane from Buenos Aires to Houston to Las Vegas that very night, and was a nervous wreck wondering if they would kill my mother before I arrived.


hospitalBut I arrived and she was awake and alert, immediately putting me to work on getting her business issues in order. She had me running errands, collecting things, returning things to stores, making calls, and making arrangements. After two days in the hospital, she was moved to Nathan Adelson Hospice in the same building on May 15th, where she would spend the next three weeks. I was by her side 24/7, sleeping on an air mattress in the room. Mom couldn’t walk, turn over, or even use her arms to feed herself. She could push her call button most of the time. I fed her, held her hand, kept her company, talked with her, and did whatever she asked. I kept a daily hospice journal and took daily pictures. I videotaped her talking about some of her thoughts. Rita visited often, every few days. Some of the neighbors and friends would come by. My good friend Bill visited for several days from San Diego. My Australian co-author John sent flowers and birthday birthdaygifts that brightened the room. Mom was holding out to make it to my 40th birthday on June 3rd. For days before, she would wake up and ask, “Is it your birthday yet? Let’s eat cake.” She sang me happy birthday and I got a short, heartbreaking video of it. Mom could barely eat or drink for the entire month, she would take small bites of a meal, maybe one or three. She would take one sip of a drink, cranberry juice or Burdock root tea. But when I bought coconut water from the downstairs store, she was able to drink up a lot more of that, so soon that is what I was offering her mostly, and I feel that coconut water really brought her back to life. While the first week was very difficult and she nearly died, the next three weeks showed marked improvement. She said, “God spared me.” She started making plans for the future, she wanted to move into an apartment in Henderson—with me. Only once did the staff prop her up to sit on the edge of bed after she insisted. Soon, she was insisting on moving home, and on June 8th, we did make that move.

Back at home, I would be the 24/7 caretaker, though I had slept little in the last three weeks. I had watched the nurses and CNA’s work, but now would be doing it myself. The nurse would visit once a week or as needed, and the CNA’s would visit three times a week. I would be responsible for feeding, changing her positions, attending to her needs, and letting the neighbors in for their visits and offerings of food. We were able IMG_20170614_083935.jpgto maneuver mom into a wheelchair about three or four times. In one of her last days, I actually dressed her in real clothes for the first time in a month, got her into the wheelchair, fed her some fresh juice, and we went outside for the first time in a month. We took pictures by the pool. It was a good day. It was the last good day. The next two days she slept and did not wake up. After the first day, I spoke sternly to her, “Wake up, you need to drink some water, have a few bites of food.” She woke up, “Okay,” she agreed. I gave her some coconut water and a few bites of mango gelato, her main sustenance. “I want red bean ice cream,” she requested. She ate half of the red bean mochi. But then her gurgling breathing came back for quite a few hours, scaring me.

christinaThe next day, she never woke up again. Longtime hairdresser and friend Christine visited and gave both me and neighbor Gloria haircuts. My good friend Anita visited during the day. Other neighbors came and held a vigil: Gloria, Cecile, Larry, and Ruby. Mom was fading. Her breathing sounded good, no more gurgling, but it was faint. The time was getting near. Eventually the neighbors returned home, but I knew I wouldn’t be sleeping this night. The nurse came. The last neighbor, Cecile, returned home, so I was left with the nurse. But my good friend Anita surprised me by returning around 11pm. It meant the world to me, I couldn’t have been more touched by any act of kindness and consideration. I hadn’t even thought to ask her back, 5E9A1053 copy.jpegknowing I saw her this afternoon and would see her again on Sunday. Anita and I sat and held mom’s hands as we watched her breath become more and more faint. The nurse left, but a CNA, Robin was on her way. Around 12:17am on Friday, July 17th, I said to Anita, “I can’t tell if she’s breathing anymore.” Soon after, Robin showed up and a few minutes later the nurse returned to pronounce mom dead at 12:30am. I could finally climb into the bed and cuddle up with her, knowing I wouldn’t be hurting her anymore. I couldn’t have planned the moment better: with my good friend by my side, knowing that the time was coming, and having her simply fade off quietly. I called dad, sent messages to close family and friends. Anita and Robin stayed with me as long as I needed. And then I finally got some sleep before the neighbors came the next day to attend to my emotional needs. Mom was cremated and placed at Davis Memorial Park on Eastern, across from the airport.

I was tasked with clearing out mom’s apartment of her belongings, while visited and neighborscomforted by the neighbors in the building, during this most difficult time of my life. I have never experienced such an enormous loss before, and am devastated to lose the person closest to me in my life, the one who showed me the most unconditional love and support I could imagine. We had so many plans of future travel together, so many dreams. I never was able to go to Hong Kong with my mother, one of my biggest regrets. But now there are other family members to go with, who grew up in the same house as she did and could take me to the grave of my grandparents, if only they would make the effort, so meaningful to me.

Now, my life goes on, into this period of raw grief, overcome with emotions, loss, and love. I am so grateful that the surgery was avoided, that mom and I had one more beautiful month together where she was able to express her needs and wants clearly, and that I was by her side. I am grateful that I was aware of the moment when she was dying, and was alert and next to her, and that it was peaceful. All month in hospice, I was terrified of how the moment would come to pass and where I would be, as it was so important to me to be there, to be present and aware. But now I have a loss in my life that I must learn to live with and will not be the same person I was before this journey. Well-meaning people who have not had this experience continue to say cliché comforts that are anything but comforting, whichbus are, in fact, infuriating. Hearing others’ stories of loss and grief is helpful to me at this time, realizing that I am not alone in this experience and that it is a universal experience that most will endure. I am not a religious person, I am a rabid atheist, and the religiosity of this end of life experience has overwhelmed me in a negative way. While mom found comfort in religion, and I supported her beliefs in any way I could, I do not find such comfort, and have been appalled at how some religious people have used this moment of my vulnerability to shame me into believing in their religion, and their god. They have bus2forced their prayers on me and I do not want them. Do not pray for me, it pisses me off, truly. How does one comfort an atheist during the end of life experience? Listening, sharing stories, spending quality time together, being present, and not forcing comfort or avoiding the sadness and grief necessary to heal. During this time, I need to cry, endlessly. I didn’t know I could cry so much, feel so much loss. But I intend to take this experience and grow from it positively, to be the better person that mom wants me to be in the future, in honor of her memory. To never see my sweet mom again is devastating. I have to envision a different future life, one without the physical presence of the most important woman in the world to me. I love mom more than I ever have, miss her more than ever, and now I know what she means to me and my life. I love you forever, mom.

To honor mom, be good to others, give to them, and take time for them. Help someone out by offering them a ride to the store or the assistance that they need. Check in on your neighbors. Be compassionate, thoughtful. Strengthen and give time to the positive relationships in your life. Give money to homeless people on the streets. Make a donation to The Caring Place. Visit mom at Davis Memorial Park on Eastern Avenue in Las Vegas. And share your time, memories, and comfort with me, as I am looking for dear friends with whom to travel the world.

For more photos, see the albums: family, mom’s lifetimemom’s recent pictures, and her last month in hospice care.


Lima, Peru (29 April-13 May)

This visit to Lima,indigenous Peru was only my second time to the southern hemisphere, after visiting Santiago, Chile last December. However, I am committed to regularly visiting South America in the future as I get serious with my Spanish-learning and extending my research into Latin America and the Caribbean. My research will look at gender and the tattoo industry, in which there are significant differences between nations. My other research project will look at cannabis consumption and gender in various countries with different laws and policies. Finally, I am also interested in researching digital nomad women, as I start to get a bit involved with that community.

In Santiago, Chile, everyone had tattoos, both men and women sported extensive artwork and tattoo shops were prevalent. But in Peru, there were only a handful of tattoo shops found on the map, and I only saw about five during the whole time I was here. I noticed that tattoos are fairly rare, but the ones I did see were small, black ink, and simplistic, script or small designs. While walking through old town, I heard two or three people calling out, “tatuajes.” I took the flyer from one guy and he led me to his shop, in the back of a small shopping center oriented towards cell phone sales. He said there were five artists working in their shop, and their portfolios reflected the small black ink designs I had seen around town. Apparently the popularity of tattooing hit between four and ten years ago, and the skill level remained in early stages of simplicity. My extensive, colorful artwork branded me as a gringo, along with my other cultural markers. Artwork that one would see in the U.S. was just not seen in Lima, except on other American or Europeans. But interesting enough so that I would love to return and interview tattoo artists and collectors to find out about this growing commercial development.

The reason I chose Lima, was that I was attending the Latin American Studies Association, because of my research interests. It was my first time attending the conference, and I enjoyed the opportunity to attend sessions in both Spanish and English.

On my first night of arrival, I landed around 11pm and took a taxi to my reserved hotel. But once I got there, they didn’t have my reservation, and gave me the only cebiche and causaroom they had left–the worst room in this low-budget hotel. Luckily, I was too tired to get depressed and wonder on the even of my eight-month excursion, “what have I gotten myself into?” It reminded me of a place I would end up as a teenage runaway. Therefore, the next day was spent getting into a better hotel, but in the downtown area of Jesus Maria, the real-gritty city feel, before I moved into my bourgie airbnb accommodations next week in the wealthy neighborhood of San Isidro. From this central location, I could check out the Parque de la Reserva, Old Town, and Chinatown. I was happy to learn that Peru has the largest community of Chinese people in South America, and Lima alone has 6,000 “Chifa” restaurants, a fusion of Chinese and Peruvian food. I ate plenty of this food, as my Chinese-themed hotel had a Chifa restaurant in it, as well as the barrio Chifa restaurants on every block. I enjoyed eating in the small, local restaurants, so much like walking into someone’s home, with kitchens just like those of a personal dwelling.

Screen Shot 2017-05-12 at 9.51.45 AM.pngMoving to San Isidro was like moving back to the U.S. The neighborhood was full of upscale clothing stores and restaurants that were a shock to the budget after eating for $3 meal. Sterile. Pretentious. And white. I hadn’t seen many white people for my entire week in Jesus Maria, thinking that must be the racial composition of Peru. Nope, there is just strong segregation, with white Peruvians and foreigners staying in their turf. The nicely manicured park next to the apartment had police patrols that were constantly passing by, a reminder of the security and police state present in South American cities. I walk around the touristy neighborhood next door, Miraflores. Also the seafront touristy neighborhood of Barranco, with great street art murals. I did manage to get a good amount of work done, balanced with the sightseeing, but know I have only scratched the surface in a country I hope to explore more in the future. Next stop, Buenos Aires, Argentina… To see an overview of all the places I have visited, check out the world travel agenda.


Around the world in 2017


My first EVER sabbatical from school has finally arrived. I am planning to take a trip around the world: Latin America, Europe, Asia, and Australia. It has been a long time coming, after paying off student debt, becoming a material minimalist, and sublet-hopping for years, paying down other debts. I’ve gotten to a point where I want to be as free and mobile as possible, not even committing to a year-long lease in an apartment, for fear of sacrificing my summer vacations by being stuck in boring Albany, NY when I could be traveling the world. During the eight months of travel, I’ll combing tourism with work, following a digital nomad lifestyle. I’ll teach two summer courses online, work on revising two articles under contract, collect data for three ongoing ethnographies (tattoos, marijuana, digital nomad women), sketch out one or two article drafts, and immerse myself in Spanish language learning. At least, these are the grand goals at the beginning of the adventure, we will see how reality shrinks the list of accomplishments.

indigenous29 April 2017–13 May. Lima, Peru. [photos] [blog post] The first activity of the journey was attending the Latin American Studies Association. I am just beginning to expand my research projects to include Latin American and the Caribbean, as well as beginning to get serious about my Spanish acquisition. Therefore, it was a pleasure to attend panels in Spanish. I stayed in three different locations, getting a perspective of the city. And I had enough time to balance sightseeing with work, including submitting final grades for the semester.

13 May–17 May. Buenos Aires, Argentina.

17 May–17 June. Montevideo, Uruguay.

17 June–24 June. Mexico City, Mexico.

24 June–?. Las Vegas…

Costa Rica, Jamaica, Miami?


More to come…

Global Cannabis Culture and Gender Research

quality drugsLaws, policies, and cultures are quickly shifting around cannabis consumption as a few countries experiment with legalization, while others maintain a rigidly prohibitionist agenda. Colorado state has dominated the news and popular imagination on representation of legal weed, but it is only the tip of the iceberg within a global landscape. Women have been at the forefront of the shift-in-image for cannabis legalization, from one previously associated with racially-criminalized, or comically-stoner, masculinities. Organizations such as Women Grow have networked professional business women into an industry where they hope it could be “the first billion dollar industry not dominated by men.”  But will this be the case in a future projecting a rapid expansion of legalization to the remaining United States? What are the experiences of women working in the industry; as well as women cannabis consumers, in state both legal and not? How does the experience of women of color differ from that of white women? And what about other countries, such as Latin America, the Caribbean, Australia, Europe, Africa, and Asia? I am interested in interviewing both women and men on the topic of how gender issues are manifested in cannabis culture. I am interested in talking to people all over the world, in various countries, in English or en Espanol (formulario de consentimiento, cuestionario). Attached, you will find the Questionnaire,  Information, as well as the Consent Form. Please contact me at